In 2015, CVMR Corporation (CVMR®) announced that it had developed two new ways of producing Graphite and Graphene:
1) by way of Anthracite beneficiation using far less energy in the operation than current processes require, and
2) by cracking methane gas.
This year, CVMR® announced that it has developed graphite blocks, graphite sponges, graphite flakes and graphite powders for use in numerous industrial applications.
Graphite is the highest grade of coal, just above anthracite, at times referred to as meta-anthracite. It is hard to ignite but can withstand heat (even absorb it and store it, under right conditions) up to 3,000° C.
Some of the distinguishing characteristics of graphite that make it extremely useful to various industries are:
- Chemically inert
- Flame retardant
- Absorbs radio waves
- Absorbs gases and vapors
- High resistance to chemicals and corrosion
- High thermal and electrical conductivity
- Self-lubricating; low friction
- Stable and strong at very high temperatures
- Has the stiffness of solids and flexibility of filaments
Despite the name, lithium-ion batteries are heavier consumers of graphite than of lithium. It is forecast by most experts in the field that the consumption of Graphite in all its forms will double by 2020.
There will be a continued shift in world graphite markets away from amorphous natural graphite towards flake and synthetic graphite as emerging applications typically require large flakes and very high-purity.
New sources are constantly being uncovered for the natural graphite industry, however. There are vast flake resources in Mozambique and potential high-quality resources in Sri Lanka and North America. Around a quarter of all new capacity for natural graphite is in Canada. Other potential new sources are in Australia, Indonesia and Africa.
‘An understanding of graphite pricing is the key to the evaluation of synthetic graphite’s prospects in this fast expanding markets;’ Says Kamran M. Khozan, Chairman and CEO of CVMR®. Today China produces 70% to 80% of the world’s graphite supply. ‘I believe that China will continue to lead the way in high-grade graphite pricing, if we in North America fall behind in our production. In the long term Chinese export prices are expected to rise because of the increasing cost of domestic production (as labour, environmental and overhead costs rise.) Their quantity of graphite available for export will decrease as China ramps up production and the export of value-added products. These factors may gradually push consumers in the rest of the world to look for alternative sources of raw material elsewhere. If my predictions are correct, CVMR® and its associates are ready to welcome this increase in demand and stable prices without the risk of political interference from China;’ indicates Kamran Khozan.
‘China was responsible for the large decline in graphite prices in the 90s as it dumped graphite on the market to earn foreign exchange. Much like their strategy with rare earth metals, this essentially killed the industry in the west and we became highly dependent on Chinese supply. It behooves us to prevent these kinds of shenanigans from repeating themselves in our markets;’ says Khozan.
Mohammad Al Quayyum, CVMR®’s Director of Production, added, ‘China refines natural graphite using hydrochloric and hydrofluoric acids, which damage the environment severely. CVMR® uses vapour metallurgy techniques to refine natural graphite and recycles all its reagent gases. Our process has zero impact on the environment.’
In order to protect its industry and encourage value-added processing at home, China has imposed a 20% export duty on graphite, as well as a 17% VAT, in their export licensing system.
All these factors are creating serious supply concerns for the rest of the world. The small production base in the west is aging and no new mines have been built over the past 20 years. Both EU and US have declared graphite a “critical supply mineral”.
CVMR® is ready for this increase in market demand with a variety of products that it currently manufactures or mines.
CVMR® does all this using its proprietary processes and vapor metal technologies, all developed in-house. The genesis of the company goes as far back as 1990s. The Chairman and majority shareholder of the company, Kamran M. Khozan, is the visionary who started the company with one major aim in mind, “to mine and refine metals without damaging the environment.” But, he is quick to remind us that without his colleagues, CVMR could not have achieved its goals.
‘CVMR®’s vapour metallurgy is by far the most efficient in that field;’ according to Miro Milinkovic, P.Eng. The company can produce metal powders and nano-powders of most metals; it produces alloys and supper- alloys that are highly sought after and creates “net shapes” (objects and devices made of metals and metal alloys) that are impossible to make unless one uses one of the technologies invented at CVMR®;’ adds Victor Emmanuel, the company’s Chief Operating Officer.
CVMR®, in cooperation with M-Power Corporation, its sister company, announced the invention of a series of electricity generating units that can provide electricity from solar heat, using graphite blocks as heat collectors and storage units. This is a true paradigm shift in generating electricity from the sunlight and even from the ambient air in certain places. The units have no moving parts, use graphite to collect heat and convert it to energy without any noise, or other kinds of pollution. This is truly a game changer in the field of renewable energy.
Sergiy Kovtun, CVMR®’s Director of R&D, stated: ‘Our R&D focus is now turned to the development of a commercially efficient and viable production of graphene, at highly competitive prices.”
ABOUT CVMR® Corporation
CVMR® Corporation (www.cvmr.ca) is a metal refining company that does not fit the old-fashion metal refining classifications. It refines rare earth elements, platinum group of metals, lithium, silver, gold, copper, nickel, cobalt, iron, tantalum, titanium, molybdenum and a host of other metals. It can neutralize and stabilize naturally occurring arsenic and mercury as it refines gold, silver and copper.